Fleas are a common pest throughout Auckland homes and offices, especially if there is, or was previously, a pet in the building. As parasites, the greatest concern about fleas are generally their bites, which can result in an uncomfortable itch or rash and even the development of allergies in some pets. They can carry bacteria pathogens and diseases.
Fleas are blood-sucking insects. They range from 1 mm to 5 mm in size. Their bodies are flat with a tough surface. In New Zealand, mostly three types of fleas are widespread. They have the potential to transmit diseases. Fleas survive from sucking blood. They feed on humans and animals. It is not easy to find out a flea infestation source and eradicate it. Therefore, it is important to follow some preventive measures to protect your home from fleas. There are different types of fleas and all the types survive on blood.
Considering one flea can lay up to 50 eggs a day, the quick an effective treatment of fleas is essential to prevent infestations.
Follow Our Simple Treatment Steps
Get in touch to discuss your pest issue. We will ask for some basic information and give you a price over the phone
Make A Booking
If you are happy with the price, book in a time that suits you for a technician to travel to your property
Prepare Your Home
Once booked we will provide you with some simple steps to follow to have your property ready for your treatment
Let Us Do What We Do Best
Our expert technicians will apply the optimum treatment to solve your pest issue
Enjoy Your Pest Free Home
We send through a post treatment report and you get to breathe easy in your safe and clean home
Common Types Of Fleas In New Zealand
There are many species of fleas. However, you will find three types of fleas in New Zealand. These are the cat fleas, bird fleas, and dog fleas. Among all of these, cat flea is most common in New Zealand. Fleas might not cause a serious infection. But flea bite can cause discomfort and pain to both humans and animals. You will not find human fleas in New Zealand. These are rare and mostly cat, dog, and bird fleas cause infestations in homes.
The cat fleas bite human even if they prefer to suck on cat blood. When they do not find cats, they bite humans and survive on human blood. Cat fleas are unable to distinguish their host. When they bite an unsuitable host, the spoon of the flea drops off. The dog fleas can feed on cat and dog blood. Also, they can bite humans occasionally. A flea exterminator can help to distinguish between different types of fleas and eradicate them with the right solution.
Life Stages Of A Flea
A flea has four life stages. These are an egg, larva, pupae, and adult. Once a flea reaches the adult stage, it can exclusively survive on blood. Fleas have a specific mouthpiece that enables them to puncture the skin and suck blood. The saliva of a flea is antigenic and helps in feeding by preventing blood clotting. Also, fleas have three pairs of legs.
The adult flea usually lives on animals for easy feeding. Female fleas lay round and white eggs. These eggs fall off on the animal bedding, soil, and floor. The emerging larva depends on the organic material and the feces of adult fleas for feeding. After the required growth, the larva stage spins a cocoon and pupae. These cocoons remain invisible in the soil, under furniture, and carpets. These are also found on your animal bedding. High humidity, warm temperature, and vibrations from the movement help the pupae to emerge from the cocoon as an adult flea. The entire process might take two weeks. The maximum period is two years.
Many things depend on the humidity and the right level temperature. Without adequate temperature and humidity, eggs might not survive. Adult fleas get attracted to the light source and hide in the shadows in the search of their host. An adult flea can start feeding immediately. Also, it can consume up to 13.6 microlitres blood every day. They will die immediately after being removed from their host.
Health Risks Associated With Fleas
Fleas cause health issues. They can transmit contagious diseases from one host to another. They are known as the carrier of the plague. Also, a flea bite can cause a lot of irritation both in humans and animals. According to research reports, high levels of the bacteria are found in fleas. These bacteria are present on pet and fleas live and feed on pets. Researchers discovered that nineteen percent of fleas carried DNA of R. felis bacterium, eleven percent carried B. henselae and seven percent had B. clarridgeiae. Although cat fleas like pet blood, they can feed on human blood and transmit all those bacteria and cause health issues in humans. Also, flea bites cause rashes, swelling, pain and discomfort.
Treatment Of Flea Bites
A flea bite usually does not cause a life-threatening condition. If you get rashes and discomfort, you can see a doctor to know the possible treatment options. The doctor will suggest medicines depending on the condition. Some treatments are antibiotic and creams. The doctor might prescribe you oral antihistamines to treat swelling and itching.
Some soothing creams might be prescribed to prevent any secondary bacterial infection. The topical steroid will help to reduce the inflammation. Pain, oozing, pustules, redness, and crusting indicate a secondary bacterial infection. While experiencing any of these symptoms, it is better to consult a doctor. Your doctor might prescribe oral or topical antibiotics to treat the condition. If the bite is causing discomfort to your pet, you can visit a vet for the treatment. The healing period might take days to a week.
How To Prevent Flea Infestation
Use sprays in all those areas where your pet plays and sleeps to prevent flea infestation. Flea infestation is difficult to find out and eradicate. You can take some preventive measures to protect your home from fleas. Your pets are the key source. So, you can avoid an infestation by protecting your pets. You can use flea control products to prevent flea infestation on your pet. Adult fleas live on your pet. But eggs, larva, and pupae live under the furniture and on carpets and pets bedding.
You can use a flea killer to kill them and wash your pets bedding and carpets to eliminate eggs, larva, and pupae. Use sprays in all those areas where your pet plays and sleeps to prevent flea infestation. Different types of flea products are available to kill the source and prevent the recurrence. You can choose any of those products. However, you will have to follow the instructions carefully. If you have kids, you will have to take extra caution while using flea prevention products.
Some of these products can be harmful. Also, vacuum the area thoroughly to remove and kill eggs, larva, and pupae. Do not throw the vacuum bag in your dustbin. Instead, seal it properly and then place it in your outside dustbin. All these steps can help you to get rid of fleas. You cannot expect the complete flea elimination with the first attempt itself. You will have to repeat the processes a couple of times to prevent recurrence.
How We Treat Fleas
Our technician will apply a residual pesticide surface treatment, along with an insect growth regulator where flea activity is prevalent e.g. on carpet, mats and wooden flooring. The treatment works on residual contact, which means the flea must come into contact with the pesticide and absorb the product. The product then kills the flea by affecting the nervous system.
The pesticide cannot penetrate flea eggs, or pupae, so re-infestation may occur between 5 – 21 days after the initial treatment, however the residual product will still be active and the re-infestation will stop after a few days.
Fleas can be mistaken for mites, however, the same treatment applies.
Internal – residual application of product to carpets.
External – powder treatment under-house if easily accessible.
Property needs to be vacated for 3 hours after treatment. It is normal to have 2nd hatching in first 2 – 4 weeks after treatment. Residual product will still be in place and working – activity should stop after a few days. If house is empty for a period of time flea eggs will hatch into adults with movement and/or vibrations. If wooden floors are washed after treatment all product will be gone – leave for 10 days to allow product to work. Do not vacuum for a minimum of 7 days after treatment.
- Floors to be thoroughly vacuumed including under beds and/or furniture and skirting boards clear of dust. Vibration from vacuuming helps to activate flea eggs and picks up adult fleas and/or loose eggs.
- Vacuum bag should be sealed and disposed of after vacuuming.
- All personal items to be removed from floor.
- Floor should be clear and clean prior to our technician arriving.
Guaranteed for 3 months subject to pre-post instructions being followed.
INFANTS – due to sensitivity of infants skin we recommend offsite for a minimum of 12 hours up to 24 hours. If overnight isn’t an option, book early morning treatment – can return after 5pm. Keep inants off carpet for 24 hours! Do not change baby on floor – use changing table. There is no respiratory issue, but direct skin contact before product is totally dry can result in bad skin irritation.
All animals (birds, cats, dogs) to be removed to non-treatment area e.g. garage / if garage is being treated animals to be removed from site during treatment and for 3 hours after treatment. Dogs can be secured outside away from treatment area.
Frequently Asked Questions
Flea bites are usually found around the ankle area (or body if they are in your bed).
They reside in carpet, mats and wooden flooring, on animals and animal beds/blankets. If you have pets that sleep on your bed, they may also be in your bed.